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ndrew Jackson lived an interesting life throughout his lifetime.  He was the seventh president of the United States. Jackson survived many obstacles, but he solved them the hard way. He was born into poverty with 2 brothers and one mom. Since he was a kid, he would get into fights usually with the stronger and older children. He still was as rough when he defended his wife and when he took office. During presidency, President Andrew Jackson also forced thousands of Indians down the Trail of Tears and he also mistreated his slaves. Despite all the bad things he did, many people and historians believe that Jackson was a strong president that stood up for his people.

Young Andrew’s life appealed to many people. He was born on March 15, 1776 in Waxhaw, South Carolina. He was raised in the Hermitage after Jackson’s dad( Andrew  Jackson) died a few weeks before Andrew was born while lifting a log.  Then, his mother(Elizabeth Hutchinson) took Andrew and his two brothers to live with their aunt Jane Crawford and Uncle William Crawford. There, Elizabeth worked as a housekeeper. When Andrew was old enough for school, Elizabeth sent him to the Waxhaw Church Academy. He learned to read at the age of five and write by the age of eight. Andrew Jackson was constantly involved in fights especially with older kids. He loved sports more than school work.  In 1779, sixteen-year-old Hugh (Andrew’s brother) and thirteen-year-old Andrew enlisted in the battle of Stone Ferry, where Americans drove the British back to Georgia. They tried to avoid the British by hiding in their cousin Thomas Crawford’s house. There, they were captured as prisoners. Unfortunately, Andrew was told to clean the General’s boots. Because he refused, the British General sliced his hand and forehead in return. Hugh got sliced as well too. They lay in prison for two weeks with infected injuries until their mother came to Camden to rescue them. She offered a prisoner trade. Hugh died on the way home while Andrew gradually recovered. After the surrender at Yorktown, he was notified that his mom had died of Cholera. In 1784, Jackson decided he wanted to become a lawyer after his experience with previous jobs. Later, he went to Salisbury, Tennessee to study law under Spruce McCay. He became a successful lawyer and solved cases that were usually related to land disputes, sales, debts, battery, and assaults. Jackson stayed in the Donelson stockade. He made friends and fell in love with a woman named Rachel Donelson.  They soon married, but they made a divorce later on because her divorce with her other husband wasn’t finalized. In January 1794, they remarried. One day, he put up a fight with a man named Charles Dickinson because he criticized Andrew’s wife. Charles shot first, missing his heart by an inch. Suddenly, Andrew shot back, shooting Dickinson to the ground. Jackson never removed the bullet that was located in his chest. Besides being a president, Andrew Jackson had more jobs: lawyer[1798-1804], House of Representatives[1796-1797], U.S. senator[1797-1798], Governor of Florida Territory[1821], and finally U.S. senator[1823-1825].  Before taking office as president, he became widely known as the Hero of The Battle of New Orleans when he successfully defended the city. Because he was brave and strong, people called him “Old Hickory”. His friends encouraged him to run for president because of his great popularity. He felt that he’s not fit to be president, and he was right. In the election of 1824, he lost to John Quincy Adams. His supporters grew furious and made sure that he would win the presidential election of 1828. In the election of 1828, Andrew Jackson won John Q. Adams by a landslide.

Jackson had two terms: 1829-1837. He was a democratic president and his vice president was John C. Calhoun[1829-1832] for the first term. His vice president was Martin Van Buren[1833-37] during his second term. Jackson played the role of the president awkwardly. He didn’t count on his formal cabinet for advice. Instead, he used a Kitchen Cabinet, which is formed by Jackson’s group of friends and supporters. They would go to the kitchen to discuss certain things. People grew suspicious and accused one of the Kitchen Cabinet advisors a liar. Andrew Jackson took place in the Nullification Crisis when people refused to pay higher taxes. On December 28, 1832, Calhoun demanded that a state has the right to secede from the Union if they are not allowed to avoid taxes. As much as Jackson cared about the states’ and peoples’ rights, he thought that this exceeded the rights granted in the constitution. Being notified about the nullification, Jackson threatened to send thousands of troops down South Carolina to enforce the rule, if he needs to. People wizened up and quickly followed the new tariff rule. On March 2, 1833, South Carolina agreed to sign the Compromise Tariff. There was another problem that Andrew had to solve mercilessly. In 1829, Georgia passed a law which disables Indians to own land and to govern themselves. When the Cherokee protested to the federal government, John H. Eaton told them to go all the way to the west and move out of the United States. Jackson supported the Removal Act of 1830 in which all the Indians in the twenty-four states had to be removed. The Indians had to move west of the Mississippi River, which is now called Oklahoma. Then, the Indians we forced to sign the treaty so the removal can be legalized.  Over the winter of 1838-1839, Indians trudged on the ground barefoot, with no warm blankets or horses to ride on. It is known as the Trail of Tears. Georgia’s fifteen thousand Indians disappeared. During the march to the Indian Territory, a quarter of them died along the way. Now, the twenty-four states were clean of Indians.

Jackson retired as president at the end of his second term. Unluckily, a man named Richard Lawrence shot him on his way home. Jackson survived an assassination attempt at the U.S. Capitol. Still, after Jackson has left office, he was interested in politics. He supported the annexation of Texas and James. K. Polk because he had supported Jackson back when he was president. He had written letters to show his concern of Texas, but he received no reply. When Andrew Jackson reached 78 years, he suffered of consumption, dropsy, and tubercular hemorrhaging. As his friends and family were weeping around his death bed, his old buddy Sam Houston rushed in, but it was too late. Jackson was dead before he was notified that Texas has finally been annexed. His last words were” Oh, do not cry, be good children and we shall meet in heaven. ”. Many Historians believe that Jackson was indeed a good president because he tried to stand up for the poor. Although he accepted slavery and didn’t honor the rights of the Native Americans, he accomplished a lot for the American People in his terms. To me, I think Andrew Jackson was a great president and an ideal role model who built his successful life on his own.


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